Agreement Between Abraham And Yahweh

List the elements of the agreement between God and Abraham/the Hebrew people, as described in Tanach – Genesis 12:1-3, 17:1-14, 26:1-5; Exodus 28:9-20 Not only does Jesus exercise a permanent, perfect, and heavenly priesthood (Heb 7:23–8:6), but the covenant, of which he is the median, „is based on better promises“ (Hebr 8:6b), explained in terms of „eternal redemption“ (9:12) and „eternal inheritance“ (9:15), which is assured by the blood of Christ (Heb 9:11–10:18) – later described as „the blood of the eternal covenant“ (Hebr 13:20). Like Paul, therefore, the contrast is not between something bad and good, but between something good (but temporal) and something better (for, unlike the Old Covenant, novelty is unbreakable and eternal). The sinai Covenant account (Exodus 19-Numeri 10), which refers to the covenant between Yhwh and all of Israel, presents detailed collections of civil and religious laws intended to ensure a holy and just society in the land of Israel. Keeping the Sabbath (Exodus 31:12-17) is called the eternal covenant between Yhwh and Israel, based on the sabbath`s role as the foundation of all creation (Gen 1:1-2:3). Number 25 defines the eternal covenant granted to Phineas, grandson of Aaron, which allows his posterity to serve as a priest in the temple in Jerusalem. After Paul as after the author of the Letter to the Hebrews, the new covenant is far superior to the old one (that is.dem Mosaic Covenant). This is implicit in the use of the adjective „new“ in 1 Co 11:25 (cf. Luke 22:20), which clearly alludes to jeremiah`s negative contrast (Jer 31:31-32). Paul is, however, even more picky in 2 Co 3, where he explicitly compares the new and the old covenant and emphasizes the immense inferiority of the old compared to the superior glory and permanence of the new. A similar, negative comparison is also made by its „figurative“ contrast between Hagar and Sarah in Gal 4:21-31.

There are two main types of covenants in the Hebrew Bible, including the mandatory type and the debt note type. [2] The obligatory covenant is more common among febrile peoples and deals with the relationship between two equal parties. In contrast, the guilty nature of the covenant is seen in the Abrahamic and Davidian covenants. The obligations focus on the relationship between the Suzerain and the vassal and resemble the nature of the „Royal Grant“ legal document, which includes historical introductions, boundary demarcations, dispositions, witnesses, blessings and curses. In royal grants, the Master could reward a servant for being loyal. God rewarded Abraham, Noah, and David in his covenants with them. [3] As part of His covenant with Abraham, God has an obligation to keep Abraham`s seed as God`s chosen people and to be their God. God acts as the force of Suzerain and is the party of the Union, accompanied by the necessary act that accompanies the oath, whether it is fire or animals in sacrifices. Yet God is the party that takes the curse if it does not keep its commitment.

Throughout history, there have been many cases where the vassal was the one who performed the various actions and took the curse. [4] In the Hebrew Bible, the covenant (Hebrew: berit) is the formal agreement between Yhwh and the people of Israel and Judah, in which each accepts a series of commitments to the other. The language and understanding of the Confederacy are based on ancient treaties between nations. The Hebrew Bible refers to a number of covenants (Hebrew: בִֺּיזוֹת) with God (YHWH) . . .

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